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10 essential care for the baby's navel

At birth the baby, the umbilical cord of the newborn, are cut and tied off to form what will be his navel, which requires frequent cleaning and care, to prevent infection. Read the tips below:
  1. Wash the navel stump with mild soap and water baby when it is dirty or sticky or hecesorina urine or feces.
  2. Dry the area with a clean, lint does not accumulate and let air dry as long as possible.
  3. Clean the stump with alcohol 70% if you indicated the pediatrician, a cotton swab dipped in alcohol and clean the stump several times a day.
  4. Acquire diapers are already prepared to stop this; having an opening at the top so that the stump exposed to air, as long as possible. If this is not possible, bends the top of the diaper, so that the stump is free.
  5. Change the diaper the baby if it is wet, to prevent urine wet the stump.
  6. Avoid submerging the baby in the bath until the cord falls off, it can cause an infection, so, wash the baby only sponge.
  7. Check each day that the stump is free from infection, although rare, can spread to the surrounding tissue very quickly. Remember that signs of infection include fever, malodorous discharge, pain, swelling and redness.
  8. Do not remove the scab prematurely as it can bleed, let it fall off by itself.
  9. Maybe the knuckle blood if so, apply a gauze pad over the area for a few minutes, if still actively bleeding, see your pediatrician.
  10. Do not panic if you Umbilical cord changes color before falling, this is normal, change to a brown and finally black before you part.

Effects of drinking during pregnancy

For many years, researchers have known that heavy drinking during pregnancy can cause birth defects, but the potential effects of small amounts of alcohol on a developing baby are not well understood.
Pregnant women who drink alcohol are at risk of giving birth to a child with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, these conditions vary from mild to severe and include delays in speech and language, learning disabilities, and abnormal facial features small size of the head, among many other problems.
The fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are a group of birth defects that result from drinking alcohol during pregnancy, and among them are growing more slowly than other children, facial abnormalities, mental retardation and problems with the central nervous system.
For the unborn child, the alcohol interferes with his ability to get enough oxygen and nutrients for normal cell development in the brain and other body organs, as the developing fetus has very little tolerance for alcohol and Babies born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancy can cause serious problems, as already mentioned.
You can also have adverse effects on children as growth deficit, which has been shown to be related to other health problems, such as lower IQ, and the effects of alcohol on growth are much more serious, if the child has deficiency anemia iron.
If you are pregnant, it is best not to risk the future of your baby, stop drinking immediately, and if you've tried to quit and can not give it up so easily, the most convenient is that you ask for help and support.
Addition. if you are pregnant and you drink, your unborn baby is not the only risk as women who drink have more health problems than men who drink the same amount.

5 exercises to lose weight after pregnancy

After six weeks past the baby's birth, and always with the consent doctor to make sure everything is safe, you can determine a plan of exercises suitable for weight loss.

For this there are a number of exercises that can help:

1 - Kegel exercises to strengthen pelvic muscles

Sit on a bench with your feet at shoulder width and hands on hips. Contract your pelvic muscles as if you would be trying to stop urinating, and stand up, keep the muscles contracted, sit back down and relaxes the muscles. 1-3 executes series of 10-20 reps.

2 - Exercise to strengthen buttocks Bridge

Lie on your back with knees bent, feet flat on the floor, and arms at the sides, and arise from the ground, pressing the heels and contracting the pelvic muscles in the top of the bridge for three seconds and slowly return to the ground, relaxing the pelvic muscles. 1-3 executes series of 10-20 reps.

3 - Exercise to strengthen legs

Lie on your back on the mat, lift your legs, knees bent 90 degrees and your calves parallel to the floor. Place your hands behind your head, elbows out, lift your shoulders. Stretch your legs up diagonally crossing ankles above and below, and extend your arms to the sides, lifting the neck. Hold this position, and perform eight repetitions.

4 - Exercise upside down, to strengthen obliques, thighs and buttocks

Lie face down with your abs tight, back straight, forearms on the floor, legs outstretched, resting on the ground the toes. Hold for 30-60 seconds, keeping your hips up and abs tight. Lower your knees to the floor, resting for 30 seconds before continuing, and takes four or five repetitions.

5 - Exercise with big ball to strengthen hamstrings and glutes

Lie on your back on the floor with arms at sides, knees bent and feet resting in the center of the ball. Lift your hips up, contracts the abs and slowly pushes the legs, keeping your hips up at all times. 1-3 executes series of 10-20 reps.

Breast Milk: The best milk for baby

The best milk for your baby, is breast milk, as thus fed babies are healthier, especially if they do during the first six months of life.

Mothers who breastfeed their babies breast milk exclusively for the first six months, help protect your baby against obesity, eczema, ear infections, respiratory infections and stomach problems.

If you avoid milk formula, you will reduce the chances that your baby is fussy eater in later life as well as reduce the chances of you might have some types of cancer in women and suffer obesity , so the longer a baby is breastfed, the healthier you will be.

Feeding your baby breast milk for at least six months, will reduce the risk of milk allergies, once you enter the cow's milk in the baby's diet.

Breast milk provides the best source of nutrients for growing children, providing the right balance of carbohydrates, essential fatty acids, saturated fatty acids, triglycerides, fatty acids and cholesterol. It also provides the vitamins and nutrients it lacks the formula, so the choice of breast milk, helps to provide the best nutrition for your baby.

In premature infants, breast milk is associated with a decreased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis, a disease in which parts of the intestinal tissue die. The breastfeeding is also associated with a reduced risk of diabetes type 1 and type 2, hypertension, heart disease, hypercholesterolemia, and childhood leukemia.

Vaginal discharge how to treat their changes in pregnancy

How to treat vaginal changes during pregnancy

The increase in vaginal discharge is common in pregnancy, and is the result of hormonal changes and increased blood circulation in the vaginal area.

A pregnant woman should see a doctor if vaginal discharge changes color to green light or white or yellow, or if the vaginal area is irritated because they are signs of a possible vaginal infection and require treatment.

If the infection is not treated, the bacteria can spread and infect the uterus and fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory disease, which is one of the risk factors for the first quarter of ectopic pregnancy. Therefore it is important to monitor the discharge.

Pregnant women with bacterial infection have an increased risk of preterm delivery or low birth weight. Although uncomfortable, fungal infections do not pose a significant threat to the health of the fetus, but can develop thrush, which poses no serious complications and can be easily treated.

The bacterial vaginosis treatment is especially important during pregnancy, and recommended control and treatment of all women with a history of preterm delivery or low birth weight, regardless of symptoms.

Metronidazole and clindamycin can treat bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy safely, but if the doctor prescribes. Fungal infections require a full course of antifungal drugs, although self treatment if carried out, must be approved by a specialist.

Avoid bubble baths, perfumed feminine cleaning products, tampons and douches, as they can disrupt the normal balance of bacteria during pregnancy. Keep the vaginal area dry, changing wet and dry underwear thoroughly after washing, as it can help prevent infection and vaginal discharge monitors.